Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST) is a Japanese national university* located in Kansai Science City, a border region between Nara, Osaka, and Kyoto. Founded in 1991, NAIST consists solely of graduate schools in three integrated areas: information science, biological sciences, and materials science. The university's objectives are to conduct cutting-edge research in frontier areas and to train students to become tomorrow's leaders in science and technology.

*In 2004, the national university system underwent a partial privatization.
Since 2004, every national university has been incorporated as a "national university corporation" (国立大学法人 kokuritsu daigaku houjin) and given considerable autonomy in its operations.